Peers are a group or collection of people who are related, related or friends because they have similarities in several aspects, such as age / age, growth and thinking methods, social status, work, hobbies and others. Peer friends are a form of association that is based on the convenience of relating and talking, starting from individual problems, experiences, and hobbies.
Peer Friends (Aspects, Uses, Types and Influencing Aspects)
The interpretation of peers is friends, friends or people who work and do together. Peer friends are interactions in a group of people with the same age, growth or social status, and have a relatively large level of intimacy among the group. In peers, people generally find social support that refers to fun.
Another interpretation of peers is a group of people who are almost the same age and have various things in common such as hobbies, interests, and other interesting things. The background of the occurrence of peer groups is the growth of the socialization process, the need to receive appreciation, the need for attention from others, the desire to create the world.
People who are almost the same age as their friends generally have almost the same level of maturity or growth. Not only that, the selected peers are generally friends who have the same social status with other people. Peers are also people who often participate in carrying out actions together in association.
Does not have a clear organizational structure. Peers are created automatically. This group does not have a clear organizational structure because all members have the same role and function, but there is always one person among the members who is considered a leader, a child who is highly respected and very dominating in the group.
While tempered. This peer group is not a formal organization and may not last long because there is no clear organizational structure, especially if the wishes of each member are different and do not reach convention. They could also be separated because of conditions like peers when they graduated from school and each member continued to different levels of learning.
Peers direct people about the wider culture. Each peer member comes from a different area and has different rules and routines. In their peers they will take turns introducing each other’s routines, so that they can learn from each other. Indirectly these various kinds of habits are selected and adapted to the group, to continue to be used as group routines.
The members are the same age. Peers that are created automatically consist of people who have the same age and social position.
There is also for Sinay (2017), there are 3 main aspects found in peers, which are as follows:
Willingness to imitate. One imitates others and makes the imitation a trend. A person feels obliged to explore the imitation, because this can increase self-confidence.
Join to avoid conflict. A person tries to stay away from conflict, so he decides to approach a group of friends. If you are successful, approach and join the group. Thus, he will tend to heed the criticism and suggestions of the group, and is less likely to create a conflict.
So follower. A person decides to explore another group because he is unsure of what to do, so he seeks and tries to approach, and uses the group as a guide. After that whatever the group has tried is deemed correct, and the person becomes controlled by someone else.
Types of Peer Friends
Different friends play different positions in the socialization process. Friends who are suitable for the age and level of growth of the child, so that it can help the child towards a good adjustment. For Hurlock (1997), the childhood friendship model is divided into 3 main classifications, each of which influences socialization at a different period. There are also types of peers, which are as follows:
A friend is a person who satisfies a child’s need for a friend through his presence in the child’s area. Children can observe and observe them but do not have direct interaction with them. Friends can consist of various ages and genders.
Playmates are people who carry out fun activities with the child. Playmates can be of various ages and genders, but generally children get greater satisfaction from those who are of the same age and gender, and have the same attention. The advantage of playmates for children’s growth is that without the intervention of adults, children learn to control the game themselves and the space on the playing field.
Friends are people who not only play with children, but also talk through the exchange of inspiration, confidence, requests for advice and criticism. Children who have the same age, gender and level of growth are more selected as friends. A strong friendship relates the same commitment and attention to give and take.
Still for Hurlock (1997), based on the level of the number of members, peers are divided into several parts, namely as follows:
d. Close friend
Young people generally have 2 or 3 close friends or close friends. They are fellow sexes who have the same attention and expertise. Close friends continue to influence each other even though they sometimes fight.
- Family Hope Program
- Conformity (Characteristics, Aspects, Types and Influenced Aspects)
- Religious Coping
- Social Sensitivity (Social Sensitivity)
e. Small Group
This group generally consists of a group of close friends. At first it consisted of the same sex, but after that it included both types of sex.
f. Big Group
Large groups consisting of several small groups and groups of close friends, grew with increasing interest in events and dating. Because the group is large, so that the adjustment of attention decreases among its members so that there is a greater social distance between them.
g. Organized Group
Youth groups formed by adults are created by schools and community organizations to meet the social needs of youth who do not belong to cliques or large groups. Many young people exploring such groups feel controlled and lose interest at the age of sixteen or seventeen.
h. Gang Group
Young people who do not belong to cliques or large groups and who are dissatisfied with organized groups may explore gangs, gang members usually consisting of similar children and their main concern is to experience peer rejection through anti-social behavior.